Everybody loves a good five-pot, and there have been plenty of good five-pots over the years. Audi and Volvo are probably the first names that spring to mind when you hear the glorious warble of a five-cylinder engine, but there are other five-star performers to choose from.
We’re not saying this is an exhaustive list of the best five-cylinder classics, but there should be something for everyone, from a humble hatchback to a scintillating seven-seater. Forget a 5-4-3-2-1 countdown; this list should start with 1-2-4-5-3…
Audi presented the world’s first five-cylinder petrol engine in 1976, when it debuted into the second-generation Audi 100. The five-pot, with its familiar 1-2-4-5-3 firing sequence, was central to Audi’s growth, with a turbocharged version arriving in 1979 in the 200, followed a year later by the legendary Ur-quattro. Today, the Audi five-pot lives on in the likes of the RS 3 Sportback, TT RS and RS Q3.
This list of glorious five-pots could have been dominated by Audi models, but we’ve opted for the RS2. Another performance car developed with input from Porsche, just 2981 cars left the Stuttgart factory between March 1994 and July 1995, and only 180 of them were right-hand drive. You can read about the off-beat thrum of Audi’s five-cylinder engine in our Retro Rewind story from last year.
Volkswagen Golf V5
Even the most ardent Golf GTI fans would accept that the Mk4 wasn’t the car’s finest hour. Stiffer suspension, bigger wheels and a few badges weren’t enough for the Mk4 to rekindle the magic of the Mk1. On the plus side, the Mk4 did spawn a couple of crackers in the form of the R32 and the V5. As evo magazine said in 2001: “the Golf hot hatch [isn’t] dead, it just rides by a different name: V5”.
By then, Volkswagen had upped the power of the 2.3-litre five-cylinder engine by 20bhp to 170bhp, resulting in a 0-62mph time of 8.2 seconds and a top speed of 139mph. But it’s the soundtrack that will live longest in the memory. “The V5 has the best singing voice; something between a growl and a warble and unusually satisfying,” was evo’s assessment. The V5 – essentially a VR6 minus a cylinder – could also be found in other Volkswagen Group cars, including the Seat Toledo, which offers the majesty of a five-pot with even more of an understatement.
Land Rover Defender Td5
Ditching the trusty 300Tdi for the Td5 was seen as step backwards by Land Rover purists. Gone was the ‘fix it with a hammer’ nature of the old unit, with the new motor ushering in an era of ECU engine management and electronic injectors. The Td5, launched in 1998, was the last Land Rover-derived diesel engine, living on until 2007, when it was replaced by the 2.4-litre Duratorq engine from the Ford Transit.
By then, the Discovery 2 had bitten the dust, making the Defender the last bastion of five-cylinder Land Rover. Early reservations about the Td5 made way for general acceptance, especially once its reliability had been proven. Maintenance is essential, but there’s always a ready supply of Td5s being ripped out of rust-ravaged Discoverys.
It wasn’t the first five-cylinder diesel engine – they were used previously in commercial applications – but the Mercedes-Benz OM617 was the first five-pot oil-burner to power a mass-produced passenger car. This was in 1974, when the Mercedes-Benz 240D 3.0 was the fastest diesel-engined car in the world. Don’t get too excited; the big Merc could crawl to 62mph in a lethargic 19.9 seconds. It’ll take you about the same time to reach the end of this feature.
The Mercedes five-pot diesel made its name in the 123-series, with the saloon and wagon versions proving their worth as trusty and durable taxis, with many still in use to this day.
Volvo 850 T-5R
To many people, this is the definitive five-cylinder car of the 1990s. It’s also one of the most unlikely performance cars of a generation. The Volvo 850 T-5R arrived here in 1994, just a year after the T-5 version, and coinciding with the 850’s exploits in the British Touring Car Championship. It didn’t matter that the race car was powered by a 2.0-litre engine, because the halo effect worked wonders for Volvo’s sales department. Race on a Sunday, sell on a Monday, etc.
The T-5R’s 2.3-litre five-pot produced 240bhp – an increase of 15bhp over the T5 – which was enough to propel the ‘yellow brick’ (two other colours were available) to 60mph in 6.9 seconds, hitting a top speed of 155mph. Impressive figures, even today. Volvo enlisted the help of Porsche for the suspension and interior – although the harsh ride comfort and challenged traction suggest Porsche never quite managed to nail it – with both estate and saloon versions available. It’s the wagon you want, in Cream Yellow, obviously.
Ford Mondeo 2.5T
We’d label the Mk4 Ford Mondeo 2.5T a ‘Q-car’, but in truth, it’s a car with Bond appeal. The Mk4 Mondeo was the first car driven by James Bond in the Daniel Craig era, with 007 using a pre-production car to drive to the Ocean Club in the Bahamas. For the full effect, you need to find one in Titanium X trim with the glorious 18-inch Y-spoke alloys, also found on the exuberant Focus ST. We’ll resist the urge to say something about the smaller wheels leaving you feeling less shaken and stirred.
The 2.5T was a slow seller – there were just four available on Auto Trader at the time of writing – but your patience will be rewarded with a peach of an engine. With an available 217bhp at 5000rpm, the Mondeo will sprint to 60mph in 7.3 seconds in saloon form, with the estate completing the dash in 7.5 seconds. The top speeds are similar: 152mph for the saloon and 150mph for the estate. In Titanium X trim, you’ll have enough gadgets to shame Q.
Fiat Coupé 20v Turbo
We were tempted to go into full niche mode by selecting a Stilo, Brava or Marea, but our Fiat five-pot of choice is the Bangle-tastic Coupé 20v Turbo. Although it launched in 1993, Britain’s drivers would have to wait until 1995 to get their hands on the Coupé, first in 16-valve form, but later, in 1996, with new 20-valve five-cylinder engines. In turbocharged guise, the Coupé was properly quick, especially in 1998, when the arrival of the six-speed gearbox upped the top speed from 149mph to 155mph.
Around 73,000 were built over five years, with the 20v Turbo the most popular model in the UK. A quick look on the HowManyLeft website suggests that it accounts for around two-thirds of the surviving cars. It’ll be harder to find a Stilo Abarth, Marea or Bravo HGT, but that doesn’t stop us dreaming.
The Renault Safrane is arguably the most surprising five-cylinder car on our list. Renault revised the engine line-up as part of the 1996 facelift, with the Safrane gaining a pair of Volvo-sourced units. One was a 2.0-litre producing 138bhp, while the other was a more interesting 2.5-litre five-pot producing 168bhp. It’s actually a 2435cc engine, but Renault elected to round it up, rather than down. Something about looking good in the office car park, probably.
It’s not particularly quick; the 0-62mph time of 10.5 seconds is just fractionally better than the 2.0-litre manual’s time of 10.2 seconds – blame the AisinWarner four-speed auto ’box – but when you combine the soundtrack with the Safrane’s oh-so-comfortable leather seats, there are few better ways to cross a continent or two. Your author should know because he’s just been given the example pictured…
If you thought the Renault Safrane was a wildcard, we’re about to throw you another curveball. Thanks to a licensing deal with Mercedes-Benz, the SsangYong Musso was offered with a 2.9-litre five-cylinder diesel engine. (There was also a non-turbocharged version, which couldn’t outrun a glacier.) Would you believe us if we told you that the GX 220, with its Mercedes 3.2-litre 24-valve petrol engine, was one of the original performance SUVs? Thought not.
Giles Chapman describes the performance of the diesel as “hard work”, “painfully gutless” and “a rowdy assault on the ears”, but we reckon it’d be a shoo-in for next year’s Festival of the Unexceptional. If you’re struggling to find a SsangYong, you might have more luck sourcing a Daewoo version.
Ford S-Max 2.5T
Our final choice is arguably too new for the pages of Hagerty – and we’re feeling guilty for not including the Acura Vigor, Ford Focus ST/RS, Volvo C30 T5 and various Audis – but there’s something appealing about the Ford S-Max ST. Yep, a seven-seater with a 217bhp Focus ST engine.
evo described the soundtrack as “a faint but pleasant backbeat”, while Autocar likened the car to a “powerful estate car”. The S-Max has always been the MPV of choice for enthusiastic drivers, so stick the 2.5T on your shopping list when your other half makes a comment about buying something sensible.
Yes, we know the photo shows an S-Max with a diesel engine, but the internet needs more pics of Tony Hadley, lead singer with Spandau Ballet, alongside a Ford MPV. It’s gold.
We’ve picked some of our favourite five-pots, now it’s time to name yours. If you’ve owned or driven one, share your experiences, below.