Automotive history

Motorised micro scooters are big with collectors

by Brendan McAleer
11 April 2022 6 min read
Motorised micro scooters are big with collectors
Photo: Brendan McAleer

The whole concept of a portable, stowable motorised scooter is one of those bizarre ideas that gets periodically lodged in the zeitgeist. Every decade or so, some inventor takes another crack at building a vehicle which you can fold up and take on your travels.

Some of these creations are pretty collectible now. After all, it’s not like storage is an issue. Perhaps unsurprisingly, more than the fair share of motorised micro scooters emanate from Japan, where space is at a premium and tax and parking regulations brought about kei cars, like the selection here driven by John Simister.

Collectors appreciate both modern-ish original pieces from Fuji Heavy Industries and Honda, as well as vintage scooters from Welman and Corgi. With prices rising, the curiosities and both fun and collectable.

1964–67 Fuji Go-Devil

Fuji Go-Devil scooter
Photo: Brendan McAleer

Meet the Fuji Go-Devil. It is part motorised barstool, part two-stroke mosquito fogger, part archeological wonder. A 50cc scooter designed to be packed away in a suitcase for your next flight (yes, really), the Go-Devil is an example of forward-thinking motorised ingenuity, straight out of the 1960s.

Little more than a square-tube frame with an engine and fat rear tyre, the Go-Devil looks a more than a bit sketchy to ride. With a central spine twisted into place and a couple of pulls on the starter handle, it’ll take right off. Outside his workshop, owner Gerry Measures swings a leg over the low seat and whizzes off on a demonstration run, leaving a cloud of hydrocarbons hovering in his wake.

Built between 1964 and 1967 in Japan, the Fuji Go-Devil is a rare little beast indeed, but it’s one of an enduring breed. It’s also technically a Subaru, as it was built by Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI), the parent company for everyone’s favourite Japanese pancake-engine manufacturer.

Measures points out a couple of the Go-Devil’s more curious features: magnesium wheels and aeronautical-looking struts. FHI was an aircraft manufacturer – hence the boxer engine in your Impreza – and there appears to have been some parts-bin product development at work. The rear wheel looks like it might fit some tiny tail-dragger scout plane.

It’s a tiny example of manufacturing history, more tied into Subaru’s heritage than you might think. The larger Fuji Rabbit scooter dates all the way back to 1946, and it proved instrumental in Japan’s post-WWII rebuilding period. Resembling a cycloptic duck, the Rabbit S-1 took inspiration from the Powell scooters used by American servicemen. As Japan’s industry pivoted to an export model, Fuji’s scooter division looked to capitalise with something more portable.

Go-Devils are rare, so they tend to crop up in unusual places. When Measures saw his first one, years back, it had been discovered in an old fallout shelter, tucked alongside cans of baked beans. Their small size means that there are probably a few out there in the back of a garage or the corner of an attic. Keep your eyes peeled, as they are selling for as much as £7000.

1942–54 Welbike and Corgi

Welbike/Corgi
Photo: Courtesy IWM

The most obvious customer for a minibike that can be folded up and taken on abroad is, of course, the modern paratrooper. Obviously, “abroad,” is a bit of a euphemism in this case. During the Allied invasions of France and Italy, some British paratroopers were deployed with a 98cc motorcycle that was designed to be air-dropped inside a tube.

Dubbed the Welbike, the small-wheeled mini-machine had an air of dachshund sausage dog to it, with the two-stroke single-cylinder lying horizontally. Total setup time to unfold and start it was intended to be just fifteen seconds, but that was of course assuming the paratrooper in question could find the thing; it was dropped separately from the plane and not attached to the soldier. One hoped that Jerry did not nick your Welbike before you got to it.

As you might expect, most of these scooters in practice ended up serving as on-base runabouts.

Welbike/Corgi
Photo: Wiki Commons/Rept0n1x

In the postwar period, swords of all kinds were beaten into ploughshares. Former Lt. Colonel John Dolphin, who had been commander at the secretive research station where the Welbike was developed, found himself managing director of the Corgi Motorcycle Company. Corgis being a dog breed that resemble small, adorable footstools, the name was a perfect fit.

In America, Corgi’s parent company had recently acquired the storied Indian motorcycle company. The Welbike thus began advertisements in department store catalogues under the name “Indian Papoose”, complete with signature burgundy paint and gold “Indian” script. It was not road legal and thus found favour with farmers who used it off-road.

With a top speed of around 30 mph, all varieties of this little scooter were slow. However, in postwar Britain especially, petrol rationing made the Corgi very popular. Some 30,000 units of all varieties were built, though few seem to have survived outside of the UK.

1981–83 Honda Motocompo

Honda Motocompo scooter
Photo: Brendan McAleer

While practical thrift spurred the scooter explosion of the postwar period, the next (and perhaps most famous) folding scooter was an expression of economic optimism. Where else but in Japan, amid the run-up to a bubble economy, could something like the Honda Motocompo gain traction?

Launched in 1981 as an 80,000 yen (£160 at the time) accessory for the Honda City and Today superminis (you could also get one of these scooters as a standalone), the Motocompo was something entirely new. The concept was a boot bike – a “last-mile” folding scooter that would take you from your parking spot to your final destination. Think a sprawling industrial or corporate campus, and the ability to scoot right over from your peon-status salaryman lot.

Powered by a 49cc engine that made about 2.5bhp, the Motocompo was the smallest scooter ever made by Honda, and it was somewhat strained at even city speeds. A little above 30mph is technically possible but not recommended for a sustained period.

Not a commuter, then. A commuting solution, at least in concept. Pictures of Motocompos stacked two and three to a boot conjure memories of 1980s Transformers – ”Soundwave” the boombox in particular, complete with his team of transforming cassette tapes. There was just one problem: For a toy, the Motocompo was a bit heavy (45kg) and not really practical for a nation that enjoyed excellent public transportation.

Still, in terms of public fascination, the Motocompo endures as an example of Honda’s fun-loving personality and ingenuity. You can buy a Hot Wheels City Turbo off the peg at your local supermarket today; peer inside, and it’ll have a Motocompo tucked in the back.

They’re also popular as a quirky pitbike solution, and despite not being fast at all they’re fun for buzzing around. Prices for vintage Motocompos are high enough these days (they easily bring £5000, frequently more) that you wonder why Honda doesn’t bring back the concept. It might not have sold all that well in period, but an e-Motocompo for the back of the Honda E city car would generate more headlines than the company could possibly want.

1991 Mazda Suitcase Car

Mazda suitcase car
Photo: Mazda

What company could be even weirder and more ambitious than Honda? Leave tiny oddities to a relatively tiny company. That’d be Mazda, an outfit in which one imagines engineers locked the beancounters in a broom cupboard so they could sell sports cars with high-strung twin sequential-turbo rotary engines and full warranties, amid other lunacy.

In response to a company-wide innovation competition, a handful of engineers from Mazda’s manual-transmission R&D department came up with the idea to build a motorised suitcase. Working with a sliver of budget, the team set to work turning its idea into a functioning vehicle. They bought the largest-available Samsonite suitcase, as well as a 33.6cc pocket bike to be cut up for parts.

Folded up, with the external rear wheels stowed, the suitcase car looks like, well, a suitcase. However, once you open it flat, unload the rear wheels, attach them, and deploy the handlebars, you have a sort of motorised tripod skateboard on which you can perch your fashionable self. The build was incredibly popular inside Mazda, but in the end it amounted to no more than a prototype.

Three such prototypes were built in total: the original was crashed and destroyed by an over-exuberant test driver, and one bound for the European car show circuit went missing. The third and final Suitcase Car is with Mazda in California and has appeared on The Discovery Channel and even The Oprah Winfrey Show.

Unlike the other scooters listed here, Mazda’s Suitcase Car was never sold to the public, and from the outset it was really more a proof of concept than a practical mobility solution. Yet who among us wouldn’t be first in line for a go? It looks like huge fun in a tiny package.

Perhaps that’s why, even today, manufacturers and startups still seem to be looking for a way to sell portable mobility solutions that you can pack up and take with you. Few ever seem to make it past the cool-but-ultimately-useless stage, but maybe one day someone will crack the code.

This story was first published by Hagerty US.

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